The Anti-Plagiarism Policy of the Moldovan Medical Journal is based on the Publication Ethics and Malpractice Statement, chapters 2.3, 2.4, 3.4., and has the goal to avoid the harm to the journal as well as the reputation of authors. The Editorial Office uses the licensed version of the “Plagiat-Sistem Antiplagiat Company” (www.sistemantiplagiat.ro) and the Plagiarism Detection Software of the “iThenticate Company” (www.ithenticate.com) by courtesy of the Nicolae Testemitsanu State University of Medicine and Pharmacy of the Republic of Moldova, the partner of the Moldovan Medical Journal, to detect instances of overlapping and similar texts in submitted manuscripts. The authors should learn the skills to effectively paraphrase and correct citations of sources. The authors are kindly requested to check their articles via a free online plagiarism detector before they attempt publications. For academic authors and PhD scholars the accepted level of plagiarism is up to 12%. If evidence of plagiarism is found in any article, the author will be offered a chance for rebuttal. If the arguments are considered unsatisfactory, a letter is immediately sent to all co-authors, their affiliated institutions and funding agencies and consequently the article is retracted. The evident cases of plagiarism may result in a three-year ban on the future submission to the Moldovan Medical Journal.